Over the past decades, whale watching has evolved to become an amazing form of entertainment for millions of people all over the globe who want to get a glimpse of these amazing majestic creatures.
Through whale watching various nations have had the capacity to improve their economic success while educating people about these fascinating creatures on how they help our ecosystem and their role in maintaining a balanced oceanic food chain.
Don’t get it twisted! Whale watching is the act of seeing whales in their natural living space (similar to bird watching) which involves onlookers standing at the end of a dock or on the deck of a yacht with binoculars viewing these marine creatures as they live undisturbed in their natural habitat.
Whale watching is most commonly used as a form of recreation; it also serves as an educational and the scientific way to study the species without interfering with their lives.
Whether it is used for recreation or scientific research, whale watching has become an international hobby generating $2.1 billion per annum in tourism revenue also employing about 13,000 workers worldwide.
Whale watching as an organized activity dated back to 1950 when the San Diego Cabrillo National Monument was declared a public spot for the watching of “Gray Whales”. In 1955 the first water-based whale watching started in the same area, charging people a dollar per trip to view the whales at closer range. This attracted 10,000 visitors in its first year and many more in subsequent years. The industry spread throughout the western part of the United States over the following decade.
Fast forwarding to the 1980s and 1990s whale watching spread throughout the world. In 1998 the largest systematic study of whale watching yet undertaken was carried out by Erich Hoyt which concluded that whale watching trips were now available in 87 countries around the globe, with over 9 million people generating an income to whale watcher operators and supporting infrastructural developments of over one billion dollars.
Today, Whale watching is carried out of the water to land, watching species such as the Orca who come
very close to shore. Also viewing of species that usually stay some distance from the shore is offered by fixed-wing aircraft in some areas.
Not only has whale watching become extremely profitable for numerous countries it has also brought mindfulness about the present condition of whale species to a large number of people and some whale watching organizations use some part of their income to aid subsidize whale conservations and awareness programs aimed at aiding these marine creatures recover from their endangered status while improving laws to further protect these important animals and prevent them from facing futuristic extinction.
Whaling is hunting of whales for usable items, for examples: Lamp oil, soaps, perfumes, candles, cosmetics, cooking oil, margarine, whale meat, clothing and fishing hooks.
This started as a necessity in the industrial revolution which was practiced as an organized industry way back 875 AD. On the sixteenth century, it rose to be the standard business in the beachfront locales of Spain and France. Hunting technology came along with the use of organized fleets advanced enough to allow larger quantities of whales to be hunted quicker and more proficiently.
As more and more whales continued to be killed, the increasing number of whales being killed annually started to spiral out of control compelling organizations to rally against unnecessary whaling activities.
The international convention for the regulation of whaling (ICRW) was created by a number of different nations to oversee commercial whaling and further limit hunting on these endangered species.